These functions allow you to specify your own set of mappings from levels in the data to aesthetic values.

scale_colour_manual(..., values, aesthetics = "colour", breaks = waiver())

scale_fill_manual(..., values, aesthetics = "fill", breaks = waiver())

scale_size_manual(..., values, breaks = waiver())

scale_shape_manual(..., values, breaks = waiver())

scale_linetype_manual(..., values, breaks = waiver())

scale_alpha_manual(..., values, breaks = waiver())

scale_discrete_manual(aesthetics, ..., values, breaks = waiver())

## Arguments

... Arguments passed on to discrete_scale paletteA palette function that when called with a single integer argument (the number of levels in the scale) returns the values that they should take (e.g., scales::hue_pal()). limitsA character vector that defines possible values of the scale and their order. dropShould unused factor levels be omitted from the scale? The default, TRUE, uses the levels that appear in the data; FALSE uses all the levels in the factor. na.translateUnlike continuous scales, discrete scales can easily show missing values, and do so by default. If you want to remove missing values from a discrete scale, specify na.translate = FALSE. na.valueIf na.translate = TRUE, what value aesthetic value should missing be displayed as? Does not apply to position scales where NA is always placed at the far right. scale_nameThe name of the scale that should be used for error messages associated with this scale. nameThe name of the scale. Used as the axis or legend title. If waiver(), the default, the name of the scale is taken from the first mapping used for that aesthetic. If NULL, the legend title will be omitted. labelsOne of: NULL for no labels waiver() for the default labels computed by the transformation object A character vector giving labels (must be same length as breaks) A function that takes the breaks as input and returns labels as output guideA function used to create a guide or its name. See guides() for more information. superThe super class to use for the constructed scale a set of aesthetic values to map data values to. The values will be matched in order (usually alphabetical) with the limits of the scale, or with breaks if provided. If this is a named vector, then the values will be matched based on the names instead. Data values that don't match will be given na.value. Character string or vector of character strings listing the name(s) of the aesthetic(s) that this scale works with. This can be useful, for example, to apply colour settings to the colour and fill aesthetics at the same time, via aesthetics = c("colour", "fill"). One of: NULL for no breaks waiver() for the default breaks (the scale limits) A character vector of breaks A function that takes the limits as input and returns breaks as output

## Details

The functions scale_colour_manual(), scale_fill_manual(), scale_size_manual(), etc. work on the aesthetics specified in the scale name: colour, fill, size, etc. However, the functions scale_colour_manual() and scale_fill_manual() also have an optional aesthetics argument that can be used to define both colour and fill aesthetic mappings via a single function call (see examples). The function scale_discrete_manual() is a generic scale that can work with any aesthetic or set of aesthetics provided via the aesthetics argument.

## Color Blindness

Many color palettes derived from RGB combinations (like the "rainbow" color palette) are not suitable to support all viewers, especially those with color vision deficiencies. Using viridis type, which is perceptually uniform in both colour and black-and-white display is an easy option to ensure good perceptive properties of your visulizations. The colorspace package offers functionalities

• to generate color palettes with good perceptive properties,

• to analyse a given color palette, like emulating color blindness,

• and to modify a given color palette for better perceptivity.

For more information on color vision deficiencies and suitable color choices see the paper on the colorspace package and references therein.

## Examples

p <- ggplot(mtcars, aes(mpg, wt)) +
geom_point(aes(colour = factor(cyl)))
p + scale_colour_manual(values = c("red", "blue", "green"))
# It's recommended to use a named vector
cols <- c("8" = "red", "4" = "blue", "6" = "darkgreen", "10" = "orange")
p + scale_colour_manual(values = cols)
# You can set color and fill aesthetics at the same time
ggplot(
mtcars,
aes(mpg, wt, colour = factor(cyl), fill = factor(cyl))
) +
geom_point(shape = 21, alpha = 0.5, size = 2) +
scale_colour_manual(
values = cols,
aesthetics = c("colour", "fill")
)
# As with other scales you can use breaks to control the appearance
# of the legend.
p + scale_colour_manual(values = cols)p + scale_colour_manual(
values = cols,
breaks = c("4", "6", "8"),
labels = c("four", "six", "eight")
)
# And limits to control the possible values of the scale
p + scale_colour_manual(values = cols, limits = c("4", "8"))#> Warning: Removed 7 rows containing missing values (geom_point).p + scale_colour_manual(values = cols, limits = c("4", "6", "8", "10"))