The linetype, size, and shape aesthetics modify the appearance of lines and/or points. They also apply to the outlines of polygons (linetype and size) or to text (size).

The linetype aesthetic can be specified with either an integer (0-6), a name (0 = blank, 1 = solid, 2 = dashed, 3 = dotted, 4 = dotdash, 5 = longdash, 6 = twodash), a mapping to a discrete variable, or a string of an even number (up to eight) of hexadecimal digits which give the lengths in consecutive positions in the string. See examples for a hex string demonstration.

The size aesthetic can be specified with a numerical value (in millimetres) or via a mapping to a continuous variable.

The shape aesthetic can be specified with an integer (between 0 and 25), a single character (which uses that character as the plotting symbol), a . to draw the smallest rectangle that is visible (i.e., about one pixel), an NA to draw nothing, or a mapping to a discrete variable. Symbols and filled shapes are described in the examples below.

See also

  • geom_line() and geom_point() for geoms commonly used with these aesthetics.

  • aes_group_order() for using linetype, size, or shape for grouping.

  • Run vignette("ggplot2-specs") to see an overview of other aesthestics that can be modified.

Examples

df <- data.frame(x = 1:10 , y = 1:10) p <- ggplot(df, aes(x, y)) p + geom_line(linetype = 2)
p + geom_line(linetype = "dotdash")
# An example with hex strings; the string "33" specifies three units on followed # by three off and "3313" specifies three units on followed by three off followed # by one on and finally three off. p + geom_line(linetype = "3313")
# Mapping line type from a grouping variable ggplot(economics_long, aes(date, value01)) + geom_line(aes(linetype = variable))
# Size examples p <- ggplot(mtcars, aes(wt, mpg)) p + geom_point(size = 4)
p + geom_point(aes(size = qsec))
p + geom_point(size = 2.5) + geom_hline(yintercept = 25, size = 3.5)
# Shape examples p + geom_point()
p + geom_point(shape = 5)
p + geom_point(shape = "k", size = 3)
p + geom_point(shape = ".")
p + geom_point(shape = NA)
#> Warning: Removed 32 rows containing missing values (geom_point).
p + geom_point(aes(shape = factor(cyl)))
# A look at all 25 symbols df2 <- data.frame(x = 1:5 , y = 1:25, z = 1:25) p <- ggplot(df2, aes(x, y)) p + geom_point(aes(shape = z), size = 4) + scale_shape_identity()
# While all symbols have a foreground colour, symbols 19-25 also take a # background colour (fill) p + geom_point(aes(shape = z), size = 4, colour = "Red") + scale_shape_identity()
p + geom_point(aes(shape = z), size = 4, colour = "Red", fill = "Black") + scale_shape_identity()