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This function makes it easy to assign different labellers to different factors. The labeller can be a function or it can be a named character vectors that will serve as a lookup table.


  .rows = NULL,
  .cols = NULL, = deprecated(),
  .multi_line = TRUE,
  .default = label_value



Named arguments of the form variable = labeller. Each labeller is passed to as_labeller() and can be a lookup table, a function taking and returning character vectors, or simply a labeller function.

.rows, .cols

Labeller for a whole margin (either the rows or the columns). It is passed to as_labeller(). When a margin-wide labeller is set, make sure you don't mention in ... any variable belonging to the margin.

[Deprecated] All supplied labellers and on-labeller functions should be able to work with character labels.


Whether to display the labels of multiple factors on separate lines. This is passed to the labeller function.


Default labeller for variables not specified. Also used with lookup tables or non-labeller functions.


A labeller function to supply to facet_grid() or facet_wrap()

for the argument labeller.


In case of functions, if the labeller has class labeller, it is directly applied on the data frame of labels. Otherwise, it is applied to the columns of the data frame of labels. The data frame is then processed with the function specified in the .default argument. This is intended to be used with functions taking a character vector such as Hmisc::capitalize().


# \donttest{
p1 <- ggplot(mtcars, aes(x = mpg, y = wt)) + geom_point()

# You can assign different labellers to variables:
p1 + facet_grid(
  vs + am ~ gear,
  labeller = labeller(vs = label_both, am = label_value)

# Or whole margins:
p1 + facet_grid(
  vs + am ~ gear,
  labeller = labeller(.rows = label_both, .cols = label_value)

# You can supply functions operating on strings:
capitalize <- function(string) {
  substr(string, 1, 1) <- toupper(substr(string, 1, 1))
p2 <- ggplot(msleep, aes(x = sleep_total, y = awake)) + geom_point()
p2 + facet_grid(vore ~ conservation, labeller = labeller(vore = capitalize))

# Or use character vectors as lookup tables:
conservation_status <- c(
  cd = "Conservation Dependent",
  en = "Endangered",
  lc = "Least concern",
  nt = "Near Threatened",
  vu = "Vulnerable",
  domesticated = "Domesticated"
## Source:

p2 + facet_grid(vore ~ conservation, labeller = labeller(
  .default = capitalize,
  conservation = conservation_status

# In the following example, we rename the levels to the long form,
# then apply a wrap labeller to the columns to prevent cropped text
idx <- match(msleep$conservation, names(conservation_status))
msleep$conservation2 <- conservation_status[idx]

p3 <- ggplot(msleep, aes(x = sleep_total, y = awake)) + geom_point()
p3 +
  facet_grid(vore ~ conservation2,
    labeller = labeller(conservation2 = label_wrap_gen(10))

# labeller() is especially useful to act as a global labeller. You
# can set it up once and use it on a range of different plots with
# different facet specifications.

global_labeller <- labeller(
  vore = capitalize,
  conservation = conservation_status,
  conservation2 = label_wrap_gen(10),
  .default = label_both

p2 + facet_grid(vore ~ conservation, labeller = global_labeller)

p3 + facet_wrap(~conservation2, labeller = global_labeller)

# }