A fixed scale coordinate system forces a specified ratio between the
physical representation of data units on the axes. The ratio represents the
number of units on the y-axis equivalent to one unit on the x-axis. The
default, `ratio = 1`

, ensures that one unit on the x-axis is the same
length as one unit on the y-axis. Ratios higher than one make units on the
y axis longer than units on the x-axis, and vice versa. This is similar to
`eqscplot`

, but it works for all types of graphics.

coord_fixed(ratio = 1, xlim = NULL, ylim = NULL, expand = TRUE)

- ratio
aspect ratio, expressed as

`y / x`

- xlim
Limits for the x and y axes.

- ylim
Limits for the x and y axes.

- expand
If

`TRUE`

, the default, adds a small expansion factor to the limits to ensure that data and axes don't overlap. If`FALSE`

, limits are taken exactly from the data or`xlim`

/`ylim`

.

# ensures that the ranges of axes are equal to the specified ratio by # adjusting the plot aspect ratio p <- ggplot(mtcars, aes(mpg, wt)) + geom_point() p + coord_fixed(ratio = 1)p + coord_fixed(ratio = 5)p + coord_fixed(ratio = 1/5)# Resize the plot to see that the specified aspect ratio is maintained