scale_x_continuous
and scale_y_continuous
are the default
scales for continuous x and y aesthetics. There are three variants
that set the trans
argument for commonly used transformations:
scale_*_log10
, scale_*_sqrt
and scale_*_reverse
.
scale_x_continuous(name = waiver(), breaks = waiver(), minor_breaks = waiver(), labels = waiver(), limits = NULL, expand = waiver(), oob = censor, na.value = NA_real_, trans = "identity", position = "bottom", sec.axis = waiver()) scale_y_continuous(name = waiver(), breaks = waiver(), minor_breaks = waiver(), labels = waiver(), limits = NULL, expand = waiver(), oob = censor, na.value = NA_real_, trans = "identity", position = "left", sec.axis = waiver()) scale_x_log10(...) scale_y_log10(...) scale_x_reverse(...) scale_y_reverse(...) scale_x_sqrt(...) scale_y_sqrt(...)
name  The name of the scale. Used as axis or legend title. If


breaks  One of:

minor_breaks  One of:

labels  One of:

limits  A numeric vector of length two providing limits of the scale.
Use 
expand  A numeric vector of length two giving multiplicative and
additive expansion constants. These constants ensure that the data is
placed some distance away from the axes. The defaults are

oob  Function that handles limits outside of the scale limits (out of bounds). The default replaces out of bounds values with NA. 
na.value  Missing values will be replaced with this value. 
trans  Either the name of a transformation object, or the object itself. Builtin transformations include "asn", "atanh", "boxcox", "exp", "identity", "log", "log10", "log1p", "log2", "logit", "probability", "probit", "reciprocal", "reverse" and "sqrt". A transformation object bundles together a transform, it's inverse,
and methods for generating breaks and labels. Transformation objects
are defined in the scales package, and are called 
position  The position of the axis. "left" or "right" for vertical scales, "top" or "bottom" for horizontal scales 
sec.axis  specifify a secondary axis 
...  Other arguments passed on to 
For simple manipulation of labels and limits, you may wish to use
labs()
and lims()
instead.
sec_axis
for how to specify secondary axes
Other position scales: scale_x_date
,
scale_x_discrete
# Manipulating the default position scales lets you: # * change the axis labels p1 + scale_x_continuous("Engine displacement (L)") + scale_y_continuous("Highway MPG")# You can also use the shortcut labs(). # Use NULL to suppress axis labels p1 + labs(x = NULL, y = NULL)# * modify the axis limits p1 + scale_x_continuous(limits = c(2, 6))#> Warning: Removed 27 rows containing missing values (geom_point).p1 + scale_x_continuous(limits = c(0, 10))#> Warning: Removed 27 rows containing missing values (geom_point).# * choose where the ticks appear p1 + scale_x_continuous(breaks = c(2, 4, 6))# * add what labels they have p1 + scale_x_continuous( breaks = c(2, 4, 6), label = c("two", "four", "six") )# Typically you'll pass a function to the `labels` argument. # Some common formats are built into the scales package: df < data.frame( x = rnorm(10) * 100000, y = seq(0, 1, length.out = 10) ) p2 < ggplot(df, aes(x, y)) + geom_point() p2 + scale_y_continuous(labels = scales::percent)p2 + scale_y_continuous(labels = scales::dollar)p2 + scale_x_continuous(labels = scales::comma)# You can also override the default linear mapping by using a # transformation. There are three shortcuts: p1 + scale_y_log10()p1 + scale_y_sqrt()p1 + scale_y_reverse()# Or you can supply a transformation in the `trans` argument: p1 + scale_y_continuous(trans = scales::reciprocal_trans())# You can also create your own. See ?scales::trans_new